This article is about the Indian federal law. For freedom of information in other countries, see Freedom of information legislation. Right to Information Act, 2005 It is an act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to under control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, the constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Citation Act No. 22 of 2005 Territorial extent Whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir Enacted by Parliament of India Date enacted 15-June-2005 Date assented to 22-June-2005 Date commenced 12-October-2005 First RTI application submitted by Naresh Kadyan of Delhi on 12 October 2005 to the office of President about 370 in J&K Status: In force
Right to Information (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a "public authority" (a body of Government or "instrumentality of State") which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.
This law was passed by Parliament on 15 June 2005 and came fully into force on 12 October 2005. The first application was given to a Pune police station. Information disclosure in India was restricted by the Official Secrets Act 1923 and various other special laws, which the new RTI Act relaxes. It codifies a fundamental right of citizens.